Sunday, December 1, 2019
Re Assingment Making the decision to terminate a pregnancy or to bring a fetus to term is by far the most wrenching experience I've ever had. The right to choose is not a luxury; it is a responsibility that demands intense introspection and awareness. S. Boyd It is equally as heinous intentionally to kill a human being in existence at fertilization, as to kill a larger pre-born child. Nellie Gray. There are really two, different, very active abortion questions: to do nothing, have the baby and raise it herself (hopefully with help from others). to do nothing, have the baby and give it up for adoption to have an abortion. If a woman finds herself pregnant, she should discuss her options with her physician or counselor, and should decide to have an abortion, should the state override her decision and prevent her from having an abortion? The first decision is a personal one, between the woman, her physician and/or counselor. The second decision is the answere by the U.S. Supreme Court if she has the right to obtain an abortion. It is in this second area where there is a great deal of political activity, at least in the U.S. In the United States, women choose to end about 25% of their pregnancies through abortion. This number has been gradually declining since 1979. This is similar to the Canadian figure of 21%, but is much lower than that of the former Soviet Union (60%) and Romania (78%) where contraceptives are in short supply. Opposing beliefs: A social consensus exists among pro-lifers and pro-choicers that when human personhood starts the person must be protected. Many religions, organizations and individuals have passionately held but conflicting beliefs about when this happens. This naturally leads to opposing policies on whether a woman should have access to abortion. In spite of what the media might say, this struggle cannot be reduced to a simple pro-choice vs. pro-life conflict. There are people within each side who take many slightly different positions. The objectives of both groups are the same: to reduce the number of abortions, and to make any needed abortions safe. However, they have very different methods of achieving their goals, and they have seperate beliefs about which abortions are justifiable. They are both unable to cooperate. That is, in their opinion, a pity. With the energy, knowledge and ability that each side has, they could make major reductions in the abortion rate if they were able to collaborate. Therefore after thorogh research and natural belief, I believe that no one is allowed to have an abortion in any circumstance, no matter what the case maybe. Religion Essays
Tuesday, November 26, 2019
Essay about Final Study Guide Economic Essay about Final Study Guide Economic Annie Nguyen Per.5 FINAL STUDY GUIDE Traditional economy: Economic system in which the allocation of scarce resources and other economic activities are based on ritual, habit, custom. Corporation: Form of business organization recognized by law as separate legal entity. General partnership: Form of partnership where all partners are equally responsible for management, debt. Economic goals: Freedom, efficiency, equity, security, employment, stability, grown, future goals. Substitutes: Competing products that can be used in place of one another. Demand schedule: A table that lists how much of a product consumer will buy at all possible prices. Markets: Meeting place or mechanism allowing buyers and sellers of an economic product to come together may be local, regional, national, or global. Capital market: Market in which financial capital is loaned and/or borrowed for more than 1 year. Primary market: Market in which only the original issuer can sell or repurchase a financial asset. Secondary market: Market in which financial assets can be sold to someone other than the original issuer. Trade-off: alternative that is available whenever a choice is to be made. Economic interdependence: Mutual dependency of one personÃ¢â¬â¢s, firmÃ¢â¬â¢s, or regionÃ¢â¬â¢s economic activities on anotherÃ¢â¬â¢s. Proprietorships: business owned and run by a single person who has the rights to all profits and unlimited liability for all debts of the firm. Surplus: Situation where quantity supplied is greater than quantity demanded at a given price. Price ceiling: Highest legal price that can be charged for a product. Cooperative: Nonprofit association performing some kind of economic activity for the benefit of its members. Command economy: Economic system with a central authority that makes the major economic decisions. Market economy: Economic system in which supply, demand, and the price system help people make economic decisions and allocate resources. Mixed economy: Economic system that has some combination of traditional command, and market economics. Deficiency payments: Cash payment making up the difference between the market price and the target price. Total costs: The sum of fixed costs and variable costs. Fixed costs: Costs that remain the same regardless of level of production or services offered. Entrepreneur: Risk-taking individual in search of profits. E-commerce: Electronic business conducted over the Internet. Call option: Futures contract giving a buyer the right to cancel a contract to buy something. Put option: Futures contract giving a buyer the right to cancel a contract to sell something. Good: Tangible economic product that is useful, relatively scare, and transferable to others. Consumer good: Good intended for final use by consumers rather than businesses. Durable good: A good that lasts for at least 3 years when used regularly. Nondurable good: A good that wears out or lasts for fewer than 3 years when used regularly Capital good: Tools, equipment, and factories used in the production of goods and services. Voluntary exchange: Act of buyers and sellers freely and willingly engaging in market transactions. Price-fixing: Agreement, usually illegal, by firms to charge the same price for a product. Oligopoly: Market structure in which a few large sellers dominate the industry. Trust: Illegal combination of corporations or companies organized to hinder competition. Diminishing returns: Stage where output increases at a decreasing rate as more units of variable input are added. Change in supply: Situation where different amounts are offered for sale at all possible prices in the market; shift of the supply curve. Rationing: System of allocation goods and services without prices. Monopoly: Market structure with a single seller of a particular product. Limited partnership: Form of partnership where one or more partners are not active in the daily running of the business and have limited responsibility
Saturday, November 23, 2019
Difference Between Relative and Absolute Location Both relative location and absolute location are geographic terms used to describe the location of a place on the Earths surface. They are each unique in their ability to pinpoint a location on Earth. Relative Location Relative location refers to locating a place relative to other landmarks.Ã For example, you could give the relative location of St. Louis, Missouri as being in eastern Missouri, along the Mississippi River southwest of Springfield, Illinois. Ã As one drives along most major highways, there are mileage signs indicating the distance to the next town or city. Ã This information expresses your current location relative to the upcoming place. So, if a highway sign states that St. Louis is 96 miles away from Springfield, you know your relative location from St. Louis. Ã Relative location is also a term that is used to indicate a places location within a larger context. Ã For example, one could state that Missouri is located in the Midwest of the United States and is bordered by Illinois, Kentucky, Tennessee, Arkansas, Oklahoma, Kansas, Nebraska, and Iowa. That is the relative location of Missouri based on its location within the United States. Ã Alternatively, you could state that Missouri is south of Iowa and north of Arkansas. This is yet another example of relative location. Absolute Location On the other hand, absolute location references a place on the Earths surface based on specific geographic coordinates, such as latitude and longitude. Based on the previous example of St. Louis,Ã the absolute location of St. Louis is 38Ã °43 North 90Ã °14 West. One can also give an address as an absolute location. For example, the absolute location of St. Louis City Hall isÃ 1200 Market Street, St. Louis, Missouri 63103. By providing the full address you can pinpoint the location of St. Louis City Hall on a map.Ã While you can give the geographic coordinates of a city or a building, it is difficult to provide the absolute location of an area such as a state or country because such places cant be pinpointed. With some difficulty, you could provide the absolute locations of the boundaries of the state or country but most of the time its easier to just display a map or describe the relative location of a place like a state or country.
Thursday, November 21, 2019
The Economic Riddles of the Institution of Slavery - Assignment Example They discovered that the common situation of the black community, particularly the degree of slave breeding, licentiousness, and sexual abuse, to have been very much overstated or inaccurate (Thornton 1994). In reality, the material or physical situations of the slave were not considerably different from that of the free worker; they assumed that slaves were permitted to own Ã¢â¬â¢90 percent of lifetime productivity (only 10 percent exploitation)Ã¢â¬â¢ (Thornton 1994, 25). Therefore, if the assumption of Fogel and Engerman is valid, then what were the possible economic reasons for the demise of slavery in antebellum South? Economic Inefficiency of Slave Labor Given FogelÃ¢â¬â¢s and EngermanÃ¢â¬â¢s argument, free labor and slavery becomes similar to servitude in the sense that they may give to the owners all the profits of trade beyond what is needed for the subsistence of the workers; but they have this distinction, relevant for American rationales, that they allow labor to b e geographically transferred, as servitude keeps it provincially bonded. By opting for these enabling types of servitude instead of the one which would have tied the workers to the land, the pioneers of the colonial administration in trade probably believed they had prevented all economic obstacles in the territories. Nevertheless, their mechanism was projected to resolve the problems of a situation where the option was between free labor and slave labor. As decades passed and laborers mushroomed in America, the servitude structure for White settlers was rapidly abolished; but bonded labor or slavery for most of the Negroes continued as an essential aspect of economic life (Phillips 1959). Whether this was beneficial or unfavorable to the... This paper presents a comprehensive review of economic views of Fogel and Engerman on the efficiency of slave labor. The long-established analysis of the economics of slavery in the United States is evidently wide-ranging and intricate: slavery was economically primitive, unproductive, and futile. Yet, Fogel and Engerman argued against the premises and tried to prove that slavery was quite cost-effective.In order to support their thesis, they computed the Ã¢â¬Ëratio of output to a weighted sum of inputsÃ¢â¬â¢ in free and slave agriculture, and compare the results. Rooted in a historical procedure that depends on the unearthing of new information and depends on Ã¢â¬Ëtechnical mathematical pointsÃ¢â¬â¢ , this model transformed slavery in the antebellum South from an oppressive structure to one that is currently regarded to have been more efficient and cost-effective than the NorthÃ¢â¬â¢s free labor structure. Starting with a description of the relative primitiveness of the South in economic progress, several scholars argue, mostly in reaction to FogelÃ¢â¬â¢s and EngermanÃ¢â¬â¢s controversial thesis, that the institution of slavery is the root of the SouthÃ¢â¬â¢s backwardness.The individual prosperity which has taken that shape has contribute nothing to the communityÃ¢â¬â¢s riches: Slavery merely serves to appropriate the wages of laborÃ¢â¬âit distributes wealth, but cannot create it. It entails cost in obtaining early population, then functions to hamper industry diversification and land developments, limiting, in fact, even the expansion of agriculture
Tuesday, November 19, 2019
The Importance and Challenges of European Ministries of Foreign Affairs - Research Paper Example This brings the aspect on which continents diplomacy is very important. The Ministries of Foreign Affairs of the countries in Europe are viewed as very important and this means that these ministries have an uphill task in their diplomacy towards other countries in the world. This has led to the fact that the European continent has faced many challenges and they are still increasing as the world is undergoing through various changes. There are many aspects under which the challenges are increasing and this calls for more efficient diplomacy tactics to be adopted by entire Europe. It is important to note that Europe is viewed as a motivator for developing countries and this means that it is in a very tricky position and the continentÃ¢â¬â¢s foreign policy will need to address some issues that have been rising in recent years around the world. This is the art and practice of accomplishing negotiations and it is done by representatives of an entity, most notably states or groups. It is used mainly in reference to international diplomacy which is concerned with international relations between different countries of the world. One of the key factors of diplomacy is the intercession of professionally trained diplomats who negotiate such aspects as trade, economics, peace-making, war, and culture. In regards to international treaties, diplomats are involved in the negotiations while the politicians of a nation will endorse the treaty. Diplomacy cannot be limited to formal sense and hence in an informal sense or a social sense, diplomacy is seen as the application of tact in order to have an advantage which is deemed advantageous to a group or to somebody. It can also be seen as a means by which different groups come to an agreeable solution to a common problem (Berringe, 2005). There is a notable difference between the real world diplomacy and the intellectual university debates since in a university debate, an argument is decided upon the meritsÃ that the arguments have and the negotiators can split the difference to come to a deal.
Sunday, November 17, 2019
Peruvian market Essay My final paper will focus in the Peruvian generic medicine market. The Peruvian market is dominated by the leading laboratories who set the prices and control the brands. Peruvian customers are used to follow doctors prescriptions strictly and believe that the use of generics is dangerous. This situation allows the laboratories to capture the market and set the prices (Peruvian medicines are more expensive than in the USA). The Peruvian health agency; Ministerio de salud signed a cooperation agreement with national association of pharmacies for them to distribute 83 of the most used generic medicines along with the brand medicines. They never kept up the agreement, and the pharmacies refuse to sell generic medicines. The generic drug industry covers the marketing and sale of medication containing the same active ingredients and dosages as brand-name drugs manufactured by the pharmaceutical industry. Drugs can be prescribed under their chemical name without specifying a particular pharmaceutical brand or company. A key benefit of generic drugs is that they usually cost a fraction of the price of brand-name drugs. In this context, our company (consulting) is planning to open a franchise of pharmacies that will exclusively provide generic medicines to the customers. We have two investors that have different approaches for the business. Final paper will analyze the legal environment in Peru and all aspects of liabilities, torts, ethics and legal implications of opening a parent company that will manage the franchise. Our company is based in the United States and will import products from the US. Therefore, is subject to lawsuits and liability in both the USA and Peru. Peru has a current free trade agreement with the United States. This agreement considers anti-trust laws and monopoly, international contracts, and patent protection among others. The paper will cover the main subjects such as; International law, contracts, anti-trust law, securities regulations, employment law, environmental law, crimes, and torts.
Thursday, November 14, 2019
Thomas Jefferson: A Man of Two Faces THESIS: Thomas Jefferson was a wealthy plantation owner and politician that would speak out about slavery on a regular basis but would still employ slaves for his own use. "We are told by his biographers, and apologists, that he hated slavery with a passion. But since he participated fully in the plantation slavery system, buying and selling slaves on occasion, and because he could not bring himself to free his own slaves, who often numbered upward of 200-250 on his plantations, one has to either question the verity of this passion or speculate that it was merely the abstract idea of slavery that he hated." (Smedley 189) Thomas Jefferson was always aware of the fact that slavery would soon one day be abolished but he made no efforts during his lifetime to accelerate the process. Jefferson was a wealthy plantation owner and politician that would speak out about slavery on a regular basis but would still employ slaves for his own use. Thomas Jefferson was a plantation owner, politician, and verbal defender of slaves who would continuou...